Policies and ethics


When you submit your paper to our journal you (if the case, all the other co- authors) agree to the terms of license indicated by our journal. You grant us the exclusive right to disseminate your research paper. In exchange, we keep your rights as an author of the paper you have submitted. We will not make any substantial alterations to your paper without having first your consent. You are entitled to make copies of part of or the entire published article if you are going to use this for internal distribution (classroom teaching, a presentation etc.) within the institution you are working for.

Article Sharing

Our journal provides open access to all accepted papers. Thus, as an author or co-author, you can promote your research and disseminate it in order ensure that your work is read worldwide and cited by other researchers. Likewise, you get exposure and can maximize the impact of your paper. To attain this, you can choose from various online services or your own blog.

Article Withdrawal

We discourage the withdrawal of a paper after it has been published and is available online. We constantly make efforts to make sure that all the stages in the submission of a research study are fulfilled in order to avoid any removal of papers.

The author or co-author(s) who express their request to withdraw a paper should understand that this process is possible only if there is proof of legal infringements attached to it or that the paper delivered false and inaccurate data that would impose a potential hazard. In addition, a retraction statement must be published in order to explain the reasons for the withdrawal of the paper so that future reference to it is avoided.

Patient Consent

Our journal promotes ethical research. Therefore, every author (co-author) must indicate in the paper that the research involving human participants has been approved either by the local Ethics Committee or by participants themselves openly stating that they agree to take part in the research. The identity of all participants should remain undisclosed for confidentiality reasons. Research should be performed with regard to internationally accepted guidelines. If these requirements are not fulfilled then the submitted manuscript will be rejected.

Open access licenses

Authors who want to have their paper published as ‘’open access’’ (i.e. a free online version) must sign first an open access agreement. [Our journal publishes only open access papers.]


Authors must make proof of permission from copyright holders when they include lengthy quotations, illustrations, pictures or tables etc. that do not belong to them and which have already been published somewhere else. Still, permission to quote is not necessary when brief extracts or short quotations are included in a paper with the aim to review or to provide criticism. In this case, the author has to accurately indicate the source.

In the case of material posted online, the author should request permission from the website personnel in order to make use of the data. If the copyright holder is unknown, you, as an author, are exposed to high risk if you choose to include that data in your paper.

As concerns informal conversations, these are not under any copyright laws. Still, formal interviews, where the conversation is recorded, might require a joint copyright agreement or, if the case, the interviewee is entitled to copyrights.

Research data

While undertaking a research study, every researcher gathers a collection of files that support the research: images, videos, audio, spreadsheets, documents etc. The content of these files should be accurate and relevant for the research. If the raw data is under suspicion of being fabricated then the Editorial Board members might request the author to make research data accessible. Further on, the submission of the paper might be rejected.

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