Issue, No. 20/2021

Issue, No. 20/2021 >> Read the whole journal
• Corina Colareza, Ioan Neacșu - Addictive Behavioural Manifestations of Adolescents in Romania
Abstract The study examines, through a concrete research, the analysis of perceptual, ideational, attitudinal, social, family and personological factors, with cumulative-progressive effects in the genesis of the main primarily addictive behavioural forms, in groups of adolescent pupils. The approach of the topic is an interdisciplinary one, the dominant being the psychological, sociological and pedagogical dimensions, in a context seen as a reality lived and expressed verbally by the teenagers constituted investigatively in a randomly structured sample from different urban localities, either as opinions or as behavioural social and emotional-affective states specific to adolescence. The qualitative arguments and the statistical results are the materialization of the application of a valid research methodology, relevant in its associative and explanatory interactional complementarity. The conclusions of the study are relevant due to their functionality, which can possibly materialize in minimal positive interventions prior to the actual addiction in adolescent pupils in today’s Romania. >> Read the article
• Vered Freedman, Constantin Cucoş - Teaching Facilitators' Perceptions of the Contribution of Three Internship Workshops Models
Abstract Internship workshops as part of induction to teaching in teacher education in Israel consist of three models: face-to-face, online, and 'incubator'. The article examines workshop facilitators' perceptions of workshops' contribution. Mixed methods research included a questionnaire completed by 101 facilitators and statistically analyzed. Interviews were conducted with nine facilitators, three from each model and content and discourse analyzed. According to quantitative findings, no significant difference between workshop models and emotional support was perceived as stronger than professional support in all three models. Interview findings showed the clear presence of both emotional support and enhancement of a sense of self-efficacy. There were noticeable unique contributions in the two newer online and 'incubator' models, compared to the traditional face-to-face model implemented at the college. Both models promoted self-efficacy and emotional support, but each one relied on different strategies to provide the two types of contribution. In the online model, use of writing and connection with the facilitator promoted the contribution. In the 'incubator' model characteristics of the environment provided conditions for advancing support. The unique contributions have practical implications - workshops should integrate online and community-based components to promote interns' sense of well-being and professional competence as future teachers. These findings may add valuable knowledge, which may help policy makers and interns themselves, to make better decisions on integrating the internship workshops within the prosses of teacher education. >> Read the article
• Andreea Șițoiu, Georgeta Pânișoară - The Relationship Between the Emotional Intelligence of a 21st Century Adult and His or Her Parental Competence
Abstract According to Bar-On and Parker (2011) emotional intelligence is a set of skills that positively influences a person's ability to adapt to environmental requirements. Parental competence is also defined as a function specific to parents, while also representing the style in which they fulfill their parental responsibilities. (Johnson et al., 2014) The main purpose of this study is to identify the relationship between parents' emotional intelligence and parental competence. The results obtained showed that parental competence does not depend entirely on the level of emotional intelligence of the parent. Following the distribution between the level of parental competence and the level of emotional intelligence, it was demonstrated that those parents who recorded a high score of parental competence (80-100 points), did not obtain the highest values of parental competence. Through the distribution of the values of the emotional intelligence coefficient according to gender, the female gender obtained higher values of emotional intelligence compared to the male gender. The positive value of the Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.12 indicates that the level of emotional intelligence of adults positively influences the perception of parenthood in the form of a reward. Emotional intelligence is also applicable in the field of parenting, helping to improve the perception of adults on the challenges encountered in the process of educating the child. This research provides new opportunities to investigate the impact that a parent's emotional intelligence and parenting skills have on a child's development. >> Read the article
• Dorina Grigor, Benjamin Frentsos - Experiential Learning and Curriculum for Romanian Primary School Education in the Fundamental Acquisition Stage
Abstract "No one left behind" is the main idea that the European Union operates on these days. Each person is extremely important; he or she comes with a valuable background. The educational system must help each individual to develop knowledge, abilities and attitudes so that at the end of an educational curricular cycle, he/she is able to successfully self -integrate into the next educational level or stage in life to become the graduate prepared to easily adapt to life. The Curriculum for Romanian primary school has gone through a significant evolution and, thus, it includes activities based on eight key competencies that express themselves in students’ learning. In particular, we refer to learning by experience, learning by reflection, learning by conceptualization, learning by generalizing and about experiential learning. We have to focus on creating and delivering content to students with individualized profiles so they are ready to lead a productive, healthy life, and to be prepared to adapt themselves to the challenges in life whenever necessary. >> Read the article
• Diana-Crina Marin, Mușata Bocoș - Strategies to Improve Children’s Interest in Reading Activities
Abstract Through this study, we aimed to establish which are the main strategies that teachers use to increase pupils' interest in reading activities. It is unanimously accepted that frequent reading of texts has a beneficial effect on the harmonious development of each pupil. In order to create an inventory of examples of good practices provided by teachers for primary education, an online questionnaire was administered between June and October 2020. 219 teachers have completed the questionnaire and mentioned which strategies they use most frequently to make pupils appreciate the value of the books and to read more frequently. The study revealed several good practices that can be used by teachers or parents to motivate pupils to be more actively engaged in reading activities. These results are useful for primary school teachers who can use them to improve the strategies they use to determine pupils to read more frequently and with pleasure. Working with the books, frequent presentation of the content of some books, organizing reading clubs, visiting the school library, arranging a reading corner, and making portfolios about the content of favorite books are some of the strategies mentioned by teachers. >> Read the article
• Silvia Alexandrina Jucan, Cristian Stan, Cornelia Stan - Use of Multisensory Room in the Development of Psychomotricity in students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability
Abstract The schooling of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and severe intellectual disability (ID) in special schools, requires personalized professional intervention. Sensory, motor and psychomotor education of the disabled child is an important part of integration in all aspects: educationally, professionally, socially. Activities aimed for the development of the psychomotricity in children with ASD and severe ID are carried out in accordance with the requirements of the national curriculum for special-needs education. The multisensory room is a complex of multifaceted instrument. Our study aims to establish the level of efficacy of an intervention program comprising of activities for the development of psychomotricity carried out in the multisensory room, individualized for children with ASD and severe ID. >> Read the article
• Luciana Truța, Olga Chiș - Criteria for Adapting Students’ Practices to Current Conditions
Abstract The present study aims at identifying some efficient ways regarding the development of the pedagogical practice of students in the Pedagogy of Primary and Preschool Education in a synchronous format. Thus, a series of aspects were identified during the first semester that helped us to highlight the strategies that allow students a good knowledge and understanding of the aspects related to pedagogical practice. The study focused on several components viewed and analyzed from two perspectives: of students with studies in the pedagogical field and of those with studies in another field. Thus, the components followed were: ways of conducting meetings in a synchronous format, methods used, the degree of applicability of the contents, the capacity for reflection and self-reflection on the competencies of the teacher, difficulties and suggestions for improvement. The study’s conclusions were based both on the students’ answers to the applied questionnaire, but also on the analysis performed by the pedagogical practice tutors, resulting in the fact that the strategies used had an impact on all students and that in the future encouraged autonomy in learning. >> Read the article
• Cristina Ispas - Online Education – a Reality of Our Times
Abstract The current context generated by the COVID 19 pandemic has determined, as far as education is concerned, a substantial orientation of didactic activities towards online education. On a par with teachers, the students and parents were confronted with the more or less familiar reality of online education. The process of adaptation to this type of education was not deprived of obstacles but was also a source of satisfactions on the professional and personal level. The present study highlights the characteristics of the online education, the need for online education in the COVID 19 pandemic context, as well as the advantages and disadvantages brought about by this type of education. >> Read the article
• Torkos Henrietta, Torkos Antonela - The Role Of Literature As Vocabulary Teaching Instrument Of A Foreign Language In Middle School
Abstract Nowadays, most of the time teaching and learning a foreign language is limited to mastering some grammar rules. Both teachers and students prefer this approach to a foreign language because it involves only the application of "rules", of pre-established "schemes" without the need for creativity and skill in communication. Vocabulary intensifies our ability to function in a complex world, helping us to express ourselves clearly and concisely. Without assimilating enough vocabulary, students cannot have relevant communication, cannot express their ideas and cannot understand each other. On the other way, literature unites the past with the present and makes us aware of our value. It not only provides information but also provides a closer look at things. It reflects the state of a society, its values, strengths and weaknesses. literature is an authentic material that exposes the student to everyday vocabulary. The reader comes into contact with the thoughts, feelings and traditions of the characters being thus exposed to a varied lexical field. Literature is a useful tool in the learning process and due to the impact it has on the reader. The aim of this brief study is to investigate the efficiency of using literary works in teaching vocabulary. There was a number of 72 5th and 6th graders that participated to the research, from a midlle school within Arad county. The preliminary results, after the intervention, show that pupils from the experimental group became more passionate about reading, have become more creative and have enriched their cultural baggage. >> Read the article
• Veronica-Oana Irimia - EScouting Activities in Maintaining the Wellbeing and the Health of High School Students
Abstract The article is part of a larger research, this being the starting point in order to see the efficiency of some activities that are already in development, similarly to those that we are about to suggest in a series of activities packages for free time activities for high school students, that come to meet the problems they are dealing with, but also to support the teachers who have more and more the opportunity (obligation) to make projects for extracurricular activities. The case study presented analyses the level of wellbeing and health of high school students, members of the National Organisation of Romanian Scouts, Local Centre Târgu-Mureș, named within the association Explorers. We present the activities they have and we follow the dependent variables through a questionnaire. >> Read the article
• Nicoleta-Eugenia Meseșan, Diana-Crina Marin - Aspects that could be Enhanced during the Initial and Continuous Training of the Primary School Teachers from Romania
Abstract Effective cooperation between parents and teachers has a huge effect on children's harmonious development. This study was conducted in order to establish the interests and the training needs of the teachers who are at the beginning of their careers. Recent studies have shown that children's positive school performances are strongly related to a high degree of family involvement in their education. The study has revealed that at the beginning of their teaching career some teachers felt vulnerable in the relationship with the parents. Also, some of them have lived negative experiences in the process of building an authentic partnership between the school and the families. The study has revealed that more attention should be given to pedagogical practice by creating contexts through which the future teachers organize and assist at activities with the parents. At the same time, the legislative framework regarding the activities of the mentors should be improved. >> Read the article
• Rafila-Elisabeta Ilovan - Experimental Program For School Integration Of Re-Migrant Middle School Students With Learning Difficulties In Romanian Language And Literature
Abstract In contemporary society, the phenomena of territorial mobility / geographical mobility - migration (internal or external) and return migration / remigration (determined or forced), phenomena determined by various social and economic factors, are significantly accentuated. These complex and sensitive phenomena are increasingly attracting the interest of researchers and are often investigated in a multi- and interdisciplinary manner, with various implications: demographic, sociological, psychological, educational, axiological etc. From an educational perspective, external migration and return migration / family migration can have a major impact on children and various influences, which can be analyzed in formal, non-formal and informal contexts. The study approaches in formal educational contexts, a topic less explored in the literature, although it springs from the current educational reality. The analyzed issue was inspired by the didactic experience, as well as by the common interest of the professional community of teachers and of the scientific community for identifying and removing the difficulties encountered by re-migrant students in the Romanian educational system. >> Read the article
• Adina O. Câmpean, Horia Corcheș - Between Fear and Confidence. The influence of Feedback on a Student’s Self-Perceived Image
Abstract Through this article, we intend to analyse one of the tools by which we can influence the projection of a positive self-perceived image on primary school students. Our aim is to emphasise the importance of a conscious implementation of positive feedback, in teaching activities, designed to increase student involvement, to stimulate increased self-esteem, confidence and positive self-image. >> Read the article
• Mihaela-Gabriela Cosma Oneţ - Towards a Transdiciplinary Systemic Approach to National Heritage-Based Learning. Curricular Insights into the Romanian Art Education Reform in the Glocal Transformative Age
Abstract The aporia of the collapsology threats in the contemporary era of globalization, as well as our need for psychosocial-ecological resilience and well-being have shown the crucial imperative to improve education. Thus, it is through innovating the curriculum design and its intimate features that humanity will be able to restore the world’s health and wealth. Consequently, the author stresses an original approach to curricula renewal in order to bridge the gap between school and society while building students’ 21st century competencies. Given the challenges of today’s technological and glocal era, new transformative learning pathways have been established by considering transdiciplinarity as theoretical reference. Hence, this study develops a theoretical systemic model to design a national heritage-based learning curriculum, which underpins collaborative and experiential learning. Likewise, through a transferable competency-based curriculum on national heritage, students undergo a transpersonal well-being as a holistic character-building process. >> Read the article
• Cristina S. Sălăgean, Editha Coşarbă - Parent Personality Traits During Covid-19 Pandemic: a Correlational Study
Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has had a sudden and profound impact on international communities. The emergence of COVID-19 has led to drastic measures to ensure social distancing throughout the world, in order to prevent disease. In Romania, prevention measures regarding the infection with the new coronavirus and the limitations imposed at national level suddenly changed the routines and interactions of the population and made many parents feel overwhelmed due to work at home, home-schooling and family care, simultaneously. The national home quarantine policy may have influenced parents' mental health. The present study aimed to investigate the anxiety, self-efficacy, anger, energy level, distrust and frustration about the basic psychological needs of parents during the COVID-19 pandemic and to explore the relationship between them. >> Read the article

Book Review

Gina Florentina Tudorache - Educația digitală >> Read the review
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